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YUNNAN 26 Minorities 
1.The Yi , forth largest of China's minorities , boast some 30 branches . They have a wide variety of dress . Their ritual life inludes the use of masks and clay catdemons that function as roof titles . 
   
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2. The Bai , are centred around the Dali region , 400 kilometres west of Kunming . They are known for their fine stone and marble work and wood carving . They are the most economoically successful of Yunnan's minorities and have been literate in Chinese for centuries . 

 
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3. The Hani , from southern Yunnan  have various branches ; they excel in magnificent jewellery , particularly earring .   

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4. The Zhuang , are mostly in Guangxi , to the east , where they number more than 12 million , but have sizeable communities in southeastern Yunnan as well . They are largely sincized and speak a language of the Tai family . 

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5. The Dai , slender saronged inhabitants of western and southern border regions abutting Laos and Burma , are represented by costumes and textiles from different localities and by musical instruments . Their jewellery includes bangles and enormous silver necklaces . 

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6. The Miao , display their baticks and musical instruments , including the wonderful lu sheng , a bamboo wind instrument with many projecting pipes . The Miao have resplendent silver jewellery .

 

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7. The Hui , (muslim) ,scattered throughout the province , are considered a minority because of their religion and culture , althrough physically and linghuistically they resemble the  majority Han Chinese . 

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8. The Lisu , are people of northwestern Yunnan who live in isolated areas near the Salween and Mekong rivers . Many Lisu are Christian. 
The Lisu
In the northern mountains of Thengchong County, down to the border highlands of northwestern Lianghe and Yingjiang Counties, and over the border in adjacent ranges of northern Burma, live the Hua Lisu, or Flowery Lisu. They usually reside in pocket valleys or elevated plains, in simple houses of brick and wood. The architecture is unimpressive and the scenery usually unspecture, but perhaps because of the ratherdrab and ordinary enviroment they adorn themselves with widly dispersed minority nationality. Moreover, they are the major Lisu sub-group in Yunnan which did not convert to
   
  Christianity.
Generally speaking, the Lisu live by themselves in the mountains of Tengchong and Lianghe, with Han settlements at lower altitudes. Besides farming and animal husbandry, the lumber business employs many. They sometimes come down to townships like Guyong, Gudong and Mingguang on market days, trading highland crops and hides from their animals for rice,vegetables and other articles. They are conspicuous by their splendid garments. Nearly all the women dress Lisu style and so do a large proportion of the men.
 
Both men and women wear wide-legged, knee length trousers and embroidered leggings. Men's leggings are white with small red tassels, women's more colorful, sometimes wrapped with lacquered bl;ack rattan rings. Men wear a Tibtan-style jacket, wide sash belt, short sword and a broad-brimmed felt hat. When they dress up they add a bandoleer or two of cowry shells. Women wear long tailed coats with brightly striped flaps that hang over the black. The coat is fastened down the front, often with big silver buckles, and tied at the waist with a belt with embroidered ends.
Women's headgear and jewellery vary somewhat. The traditional head-dress is a thick, round bandm studded with discs cut from white shells,cowry shells, silver studs or white plastic buttons. It may have a tassel hanging down the back or even an embroidered flap of cloth. Black turbans are a more informal type of headgear, but nowadays one is as likely to see wool stocking caps and red baseball caps as often as the traditional styles, though the women will otherwise be garbed entirely in Lisu style.
Jewellery may be a dozen or more populas is the round collar, decorated with cowry shells, silver studs or round shell discs, which hangs around the neck down to the collarbone. From the front of this collar many silver pendants hang, often covering the chest.

   
   

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9. The Lahu , are mountain dwellers , neighours of the Wa , who use simple agricultural implements . 

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Related Tour Routes

Tour Code Length Tour Program                
ECR0101 3-Day Tour Kunming  Eternal Spring City 
ECR0102  8-Day Tour  Kunming , ,Yunyang , Hehou, Vietman                        
ECR0103 7-Day Tour Kunming , Dali , Lijiang .
ECR0104  8-Day Tour Kunming , Ljiang , Dali , Baoshan , Manshi, Rui 
ECR0105  9-Day Tour Kunming , Dali , Lijiang, Deqen 
ECR0106 8-Day Tour Kunming , Xishuangbanna , Lijiang
ECR0107 17-Days Tour Yunnan-Tibet Land Adventure 
ECR0119 13-Day China-Shangri-La , Kunming,Dali,Lijiang,Zhongdian
ECR0120 10-Day China-Shangri-La ,Kunming,Dali,Lijiang,Zhongdian
     
     



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