China has a total population of 1.2 billion, nearly 20 percent
of the world's total population. Increasing with annual population
of 15 million, China has implemented family planning to control
the population growth. The basic demands of family planning are
late marriage and late childbirth, having fewer but healthier babies,
specifically, one child for one couple. At present, family planning
as a basic state policy is supported by a vast majority of the people.
||China has 56 nationalities. The Hans,
the biggest nationality group in the country, account for 94 percent
of China's total population. The areas they live in are relatively
developed economically and culturally. The other 55 ethnic groups,
minorities with smaller populations are: Mongolian, Hui, Tibetan,
Uygur, Miao, Yi, Zhuang, Bouyei, Korean, Manchu, Dong, Yao, Bai, Tujia,
Kazak, Hani, Dai, Li, Lisu, Va, She, Gaoshan, Lahu, Sui, Dongxiang,
Naxi, Tu, Lhoba, Kirgiz, Jingpo, Daur, Mulam, Qiang, Blang, Salar,
Maonan, Gelao, Xibe, Achang, Tajik, Nu, Ewenki, De'ang, Primi, Monba,
Jino, Uzbek, Bonan,Yugur, Tatar, Gin, Derung, Oroqen, Hezhen and Russian.
In addition, the Chamans and Dengs are to be classified.